6 Walled Cities in the World

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1. Avila - Spain 

is located 1117 meters (3665 feet) above sea level, is the highest provincial capital in Spain. Built on a rocky hilltop, in the middle of the desert really: brown, dry, strewn with large boulders gray, and covered by high mountains. This causes extreme climate, with very hard and long winter and short summer
Ávila probably an ancient city known as Abula, mentioned by Ptolemy in Geographia (II 6, 60) as the Iberian region Bastetania. 

Abula mentioned as one of the first cities in Hispania were Christianized, especially by Saint Secundus (San Segundo).However, Ávila may have been fashioned, not Obila, while the city may have Abula Abla. Ávila best known for the medieval walled city, built of brown granite in 1090: overcome by the defense, with eighty-eight towers and nine gates, they still in a state of repair, but most of the city lies beyond them. 

Gothic cathedral is integrated into the city's defense. Built between the 12th century and into the 14th, and had the appearance of a fortress, with embattled walls and two solid towers. It contains many statues and paintings are interesting, besides a good particularly silver pyx, the work of Juan de Arfe, dating from 1571. 

The churches of San Vicente, San Pedro and San Segundo, the main features of them, Roman from the 12th century.In the Gothic Monastery Santo Tomás, was founded by Queen Isabella the Catholic in 1482, is especially important monument of marble, carved by 15th-century Florence sculptor Domenico Fancelli, on the tomb of Prince John, the only son of Ferdinand and Isabella

2. Tallinn - Estonia 

Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The city has a population of about 430,000 inhabitants. Historic downtown Tallinn is a protected heritage site by UNESCO since 1997. Tallinn is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in north-western Estonia. A limestone cliff runs through the city. It is revealed, for instance, at Toompea and Lasnamäe. However, Toompea is not a part of the cliff, but a separate hill. 

highest point in Tallinn, at 64 meters above sea level, is located in the district of Nõmme, in the south-west of the city. 
coastline length is 46 kilometers. Comprising 3 large peninsula: Kopli peninsula, peninsula and Kakumäe Paljassaare peninsula
Tallinn is one of the first fortified settlement in Europe. Out of 66 towers spread in medieval walls, only 20 still standing around what is now the Historic Center, but more than beautiful architecture to make the city a relatively small size
3. Pingyao 

Pingyao City (平遥, pinyin: Pingyao) is a district-level city (县Xi'an) in China in the province of Shanxi. She is located approximately 715 km from Beijing and 80 km from the provincial capital, Taiyuan. During the Qing Dynasty, Pingyao was the financial center of China. He is now known for its ancient city wall treatments, and he is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Pingyao is one of the few Chinese cities that still retain the original layout,
its ancient city walls, has a height of 12 meters with a thickness of 5 meters 6 kilometers circumference, and features a series of giant tower where the defense can keep the enemy from bay

4. Carcassonne 

Carcassonne is one of the cities in France. It is in the south. Precisely in the region of Languedoc-Roussillon. In 2006, the city had a population of 46,216 souls with an area of 65.08 km ². The city has a population density of 675 people / km ².

Several ancient buildings in Carcassonne designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996,
more than 3 million people travel to Carcassonne each year to see the most famous French medieval walled city. Fortress has existed on the hill where Carcassonne now located, since pre-Roman times, but it was not until the Middle Ages it was to achieve "impregnable fortress" look we see today. Remained unconquered by some survivors of the siege and even the French government's decision to have destroyed

5. Novgorod Kremlin 

Moscow and Saint Petersburg, perhaps the most popular in Russia, but none of them can hold the power to Novgorod when it comes to medieval architecture.Despite its name, which translates as "The Great New City", Novgorod is one of the oldest settlements in Russia and also served as the first capital. high red walls date back to the 15th century and managed to protect the Cathedral of Saint Sophia, one of Russia's oldest structures.Broownkus

6. Great Wall 

Great Wall of China or the Great Wall of China (Traditional Hanzi:长城; Hanzi simple:长城; pinyin: Changcheng), also known in China as the Great Wall Along the 10,000 Li ¹ (万里长城;万里长城; Wanli Changcheng) is the longest building ever built by humans, is located in the People's Republic of China. Its length is 6400 kilometers (from the Sanhai Pass in the east to Lop Nur in the west) and a height of 8 meters in order to prevent the invasion of the Mongols from the north at that time. 

The width of the top 5 m, while the bottom width of 8 m. Every 180-270 m made ​​a kind of tower. High tower is 11-12 m. To make this giant wall, it can take hundreds of years in the age range of the emperor. 

Originally, it was estimated that Qin Shi-huang start building the wall, but according to research and record the history of literature, the wall was made ​​before the Qin Dynasty stand, precisely first built in the Warring States Period. Emperor Qin Shi-huang continue development and strengthening of the wall that had been built before. 

departure of Qin Shi-huang, making this wall had been halted and only resumed in the Sui Dynasty, last resumed again at the time of the Ming Dynasty. Wall shape we now see is the result of development of the Sun earlier era. The inside of the wall containing soil mixed with bricks and rocks. The top was made ​​the main road to the Chinese cavalry. Wall of China is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. In 1987, the building was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site